-en

-en1
suffix forming verbs:
1》 (from adjectives) denoting the development or intensification of a state: widen.
2》 from nouns (such as strengthen from strength).
Origin
OE -nian, of Gmc origin.
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-en2
(also -n)
suffix forming adjectives from nouns:
1》 made or consisting of: earthen.
2》 resembling: golden.
Origin
OE, of Gmc origin.
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-en3
(also -n)
suffix forming past participles of strong verbs:
1》 as a regular inflection: spoken.
2》 as an adjective: mistaken.
Origin
OE, of Gmc origin.
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-en4
suffix forming the plural of a few nouns such as children, oxen.
Origin
ME reduction of the earlier suffix -an.
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-en5
suffix forming diminutives of nouns (such as chicken).
Origin
OE, of Gmc origin.
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-en6
suffix
1》 forming feminine nouns such as vixen.
2》 forming abstract nouns such as burden.
Origin
OE, of Gmc origin.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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